Be aware of Mounted archery

In the Archery sports History, Tribesmen of Central Asia (after the domestication of horses) and American Plains Indians (after gaining access to horses by Europeans) have become extremely skilled at archery from a horseback. Lightly armoured, but highly mobile archers were well-suited to combat during the Central Asian steppes, and they comprised a large portion of armies who repeatedly conquered large regions of Eurasia. Shorter bows are more suited to be used on horses, as well as the bow that is composite made it possible for mounted archers to make use of powerful weapons.

Seljuk Turks used mounted archers to fight the European First Crusade, especially at the Battle of Dorylaeum (1097). Their strategy was to shoot at infantry from the other side, and make use of their superior agility to deter the enemy from closing with them. Empires throughout the Eurasian region often strongly correlated their respective “barbarian” counterparts with the usage of the bow and arrow, to the point that powerful states like those of the Han Dynasty referred to their neighbours as the Xiong-nu and the Xiong-nu as “Those who Draw the Bow”.

For example, Xiong-nu mounted bowmen made them far more than matchable to the Han military. They also proved that their threat was at the very least the reason to Chinese expansion into the Ordos region to create an even stronger and more formidable buffer zone to protect them. The possibility is that “barbarian” peoples were responsible for introducing archery or certain types of bows to their “civilized” counterparts — the Xiong-nu as well as the Han being a prime example. The same is true for short bows. They appear to have been brought to Japan by northeast Asian groups.

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